ISSN No.
2395-3306
(Online)
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 Volume  3 / Issue 1 / March 2016   (pp 1-39)
Design and Synthesis: Aryl- amido/imido-(alkyl/aralkyl-) incorporated 2-thio oxadiazole as Hypoglycemic,Antiviral and Anti bacterial agent D. Bhatta*, N.Panda & Namita Patro
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2016, 3(1), pp 1-5  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
5-Aryl-2- thio Oxadiazoles are prepared from corresponding hydrazides and N- hydroxyl-methyl–aryl-(amides/imides) are prepared from benzamide & phthalimide. 5-Aryl-3-Aryl-amido/imido-(alkyl/aralkyl)-2 thio oxadiazoles are prepared from above molecules by adopting N-alkylation method.The compounds are characterized by MP determination and spectral study.The biological activities :Hypoglycemic,Antibacterial & Antiviral of the molecules are studied by adopting modern techniques. 
Optical Fibre and its use in Communication Systems A. Das, N. Swain and M. Panigrahy*
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2016, 3(1), pp 6-12  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 Since the earliest days of telecommunications there has been an ever increasing need to transmit more data even faster. Fibre optic communication has revolutionised the telecommunications industry. Using fibre optic cable, optical communications have enabled telecommunications links to be made over much greater distances and with much lower levels of loss in the transmission medium and possibly most important of all, fibre optical communications has enabled much higher data rates to be accommodated. As a result of these advantages, fibre optic communications systems are widely employed for applications ranging from major telecommunications backbone infrastructure to Ethernet systems, broadband distribution, and general data networking. In this review work, an attempt has been made to throw light on the optical fibre as communication channels. 
Application of Xanthan Gum and its Derivatives in Drug Delivery: A Review Sandhyarani Panda1*, Mrutyunjaya Satpathy2, and Anubhuti Koshle1
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2016, 3(1), pp 13-18  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 Xanthan gum is a well known polysaccharide having immense applications in diverse fields due to its unique rheological properties. They are used in pharmaceutical industries, agricultural industries, textile industries, etc. This particular polysaccharide is produced by Xanthomonas campestris bacteria utilising glucose as the major carbon source. Xanthan gum is used in pharmaceutical formulations as a gelling agent, binder and disintegrant. In this review article, application of xanthan gum in various drug delivery systems has been discussed.

Use of polymers for stabilization of dispersive soil Neelam Phougat*
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2016, 3(1), pp 19-25  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 A review on characteristics of dispersive soil, its identification and stabilization is written. Dispersive soils are clayey silty soils which are highly susceptible to erosion in the presence of water. Dispersive soils are not suitable as construction or foundation material. Some chemicals, such as lime, fly ash, alum, cement, foundry sand, bitumen, molasses, phosphogypsum are reported to stabilizes the soil aggregate against the erosive forces. Synthetic polymers and biopolymers are also reported to be effective in stabilizing soil aggregate by formation of bond between clay mineral and polar end groups of polymer. In comparison to chemical stabilizer, polymers are environmentally safe soil conditioners and relatively small   quantity of polymer and short curing time is required for significant strength improvement. Efficiency of soil stabilization by polymer depends on charge type and molecular weight of the polymer and the nature of soil.

Antioxidant Potential of Aqueous Extract of Tribulus Terrestris Studied in Cyclophosphamide Induced Toxicity in Albino Rat B.Vijaya Santhi1 and R.Maheswari2*
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2016, 3(1), pp 26-34  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 An aqueous leaves extract of Tribulus terrestris (TT) was evaluated for its protective effect (antioxidant effect) against cyclophosphamide induced hepatotoxicity in experimental rats. Cyclophosphamide (CPA) is an alkylating agent and is widely used in cancer chemotherapy. The aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris (TT) was administered to rats orally for 15 days. On day 13th, 14th and 15th cyclophosphamide was also given orally to rats after 30 minutes of administration of aqueous extract of TT. After 15 days animals were sacrificed and were investigated for Melondialdehyde (MDA), Reduced glutathione (GSH), nitric oxide (NO), white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), total protein content, creatinine, total cholesterol, triglycerides, body weight, organ weight and were compared relatively among experimental groups. It was found that the group which was pretreated with TT showed the decreased levels of oxidative stress related parameters when compared with the group which was treated with cyclophosphamide alone. Thus, TT may have a therapeutic value for the treatment of liver toxicity caused by cyclophosphamide.

Ambient air quality monitoring in a coal based Thermal Power Plant Chittaranjan Panda*
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2016, 3(1), pp 35-39  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 Ambient air quality is getting deteriorated day by day because of anthropogenic activities like urbanization, industrialization, mining, etc. Therefore, ambient air quality monitoring is being done at regular intervals as per the guideline and the same is reported to the regulatory authority as a major part of the statutory compliance report. The air is sampled through high volume sampler with suitable impinger accessories containing appropriate absorber solutions. After the sampling the parameters are analysed in the laboratory by the methodology prescribed by the regulatory authorities. The results of ambient air quality monitoring provides the compliance status of the project authorities and accordingly the directions are issued to adopt the necessary air quality management plan including that of control measure to meet the desired air quality standard in the area.

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Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, India

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