ISSN No.
2395-3306
(Online)
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 Volume  2 / Issue 2 / December 2015   (pp 1-33)
A Review on grafting and applications of Xanthan gum and its derivatives Sandhyarani Panda1*, Mrutyunjaya Satpathy2
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2015, 2(2), pp 1-7  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
This article reviews the various modification techniques of xanthan gums and this article could become a valuable reference for the researchers to work in the area of xanthan gum modification and its applications. 
Hydrogeological analysis for fluoride contamination of Ground water in Boudh District of Central Odisha Aparna Dutta* & Deepa Nag
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2015, 2(2), pp 8-13  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 In the absence of any visible anthropogenic cause, the fluoride contamination of ground water can be geogenic. The sole objective of the present study is quantification of fluoride ion in ground water as well as depiction of probable mechanism of such contamination by means of geochemical analysis. The demarcated area of study includes six villages of Boudh district of central Odisha. F- concentration in this region ranges from 1.1mg/L to 3.5mg/L with an average of 2.1mg/L. The statistical correlation coefficient “r” of fluoride with other parameters shows that F- has a significant positive correlation with Na+, HCO3- and pH, but has a negative correlation with Ca++ and Mg++. This has been interpreted by geomorphological analysis of the rock found beneath the study area. The challenges in fighting the fluoride menace can be met only through a well planned strategy carried out diligently by the government and other stakeholders in close coordination with each other by using cost effective defluoridation technique.

Nanostructured Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 obtained by a simple thermal decomposition route K. Kalpanadevi, C.R. Sinduja and R. Manimekalai*
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2015, 2(2), pp 14-18  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 The synthesis of Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 nanoparticles has been achieved by a simple thermal decomposition method from the inorganic precursor, [Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2(cin)3(N2H4)]. The precursor was characterised by hydrazine and metal analyses, infrared spectral analysis and thermo gravimetric analysis. The precursor, when subjected to thermal decomposition yielded Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 nanoparticles of size 9 nm, which were characterised by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopic (HRTEM), Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED) and Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) techniques. 

A Review Paper on Heavy Metals in Mushroom Monika Chauhan*
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2015, 2(2), pp 19-23  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 About 10 thousand mushroom species are recognized, nevertheless only about 2000 are considered fit to eat. Mushroom is considered to be bioindicators of environmental pollution and there are lots of mushroom varieties which are eatable but not considered to be edible. The level of Heavy Metal accumulation in various mushroom varieties has been studied by large number of researchers in different regions of world. In this review, the level of 17 heavy metals in mushroom during different studies conducted by 9 researchers over a period of time has been tabulated and reviewed. The level of heavy metal accumulated in Human due to consumption of contaminated mushrooms is to be further evaluated and determined. Therefore, the consumption of varieties having trace elements contamination must be restricted.                                                                             

Momordica Charantia L Extract Ameliorates Ethanol Induced Hepatic and Renal Antioxidant Enzymes in Male Albino Rats R.Maheswari1*, S.Divya2, S.Suresh3, S.Arivoli4 and B. Senthil Kumar5
Int. J. Chem. Pharm. Rev. Res., 2015, 2(2), pp 24-33  •  Abstract  •  Fulltext    •   Citations: 0    •   Article Views: 0
 Ethanolic fruit extract of Momordica charantia (MC), was investigated for its hepatoprotective and renal effects on ethanol induced hepatocellular damage in male wistar rats. The fruit extract was administered at 250mg/kg and 500mg/kg body weight to the test groups randomized into four groups. Liver enzyme markers and important biochemical parameters were measured and compared with the positive control group. The fruit extract showed hepato protective effect and renal protective function as judged by the level of antioxidants, liver marker enzymes, urea, creatinine and electrolyte level in the sera of the induced experimental animals. The AST level showed a significant increase at 250mg/kg dose of the extract (p<0.05) the level of ALT was not significantly increased (p>0.05), the level of total protein was not significantly reduced (p>0.05) and the albumin level was not significantly increased (p>0.05). The urea, creatinine and MDA levels were significantly elevated (p<0.05). There was also a significant reduction in glutathione, catalase, and vitamin C and E levels (p<0.05), while only SOD showed a significant increase at a dose of 500mg/kg of fruit extract (p<0.05). Finally, Na and Cl showed a significant increase in the serum level (p<0.05). Potassium showed a non-significant increase (p>0.05). Hence, therefore, our studies concluded that fruit, Momordica charantia (MC), ethanolic extract has hepatoprotective and renal effect on the animals used for our study.

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